The Pressure of Mining: The Impact of the United States on Political, Social, and Economical Climates in Latin America 1960-1980
thesisposted on 2020-05-15, 00:00 authored by Emmaline Velasquez
The relationship between the United States and Latin America has had a complicated and long history because of their interests in mining and natural resource extraction. Between 1960-1980, their relationship experienced new changes in economic, political, and social factors because of their stakes in mining. By looking at some historic issues, they provide insight into how the United States and Latin America would act during this time. Economically, the U.S. had a new interest in the manufacturing industry but still had important business interests in mining. Politically, the U.S. was attempting to fight communism and hoped Latin America would not succumb to those because of their keen interest in mining. Socially, many Latin Americans and their governments had nationalistic feelings and began to nationalize many of their industries, including Latin American control over their natural resources, specifically to oppose the intrusion of the United States. Many of these changes took hold in the 1960s and then dissipated by the 1980s. Mining played an important role in the dynamics and feelings of the United States towards Latin America and vice versa. By using mining as a point of view during this time period, it provides powerful insights into how and why the relationship changed during the period from 1960-1980.