A review of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies focusing on brain structures and morphologies related to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that has unique brain structures associated with it. These brain areas are interspersed throughout the brain and include cortical structures, subcortical structures, and deep brain structures. This review compiles the studies implicated in ADHD from 2011 until the present, 2021. There are main areas that have consistently been reported to be involved in ADHD, such as prefrontal cortex regions, anterior cingulate cortex, basal ganglia, putamen, caudate nucleus, etc. Despite increased research, many areas will need further research before any conclusions can be made as to their involvement in ADHD. This review helps to further support that ADHD is a unique disorder that has specific brain morphologies.