The role of thought-content and mood in the preparative benefits of upward counterfactual thinking
journal contributionposted on 2022-03-07, 22:16 authored by Andrea Myers, Sean M. McCreaSean M. McCrea, Maurissa Tyser
The results of three experiments presented here indicate that counterfactual thoughts have broad benefits for performance, independent of their content and beyond the effects of planning. These benefits were consistently dependent upon the experience of negative affect, but were eliminated when negative affect could be (mis)attributed to an intervening task. This misattribution effect is consistent with the operation of a mood-as-input process in which affect informs judgments of goal progress.
University of Konstanz (AFF 13/05) and the German Research Foundation (DFG MC68/1-1; DFG MC68/2-1)
Journal titleMotivation and Emotion
- Psychology - PSYC