Extraordinary Hall effect and ferromagnetism in Fe-doped reduced rutile
journal contributionposted on 21.07.2003, 00:00 by Zhenjun Wang, Wendong Wang, Jinke Tang, Le Duc Tung, Leonard Spinu, Weilie Zhou
Room-temperature ferromagnetism is observed in reduced rutile TiO2-δ by Fe doping. The epitaxial films grown by pulsed-laser deposition are carefully examined by x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and magnetic and transport measurements. The films exhibit the extraordinary Hall-effect and thin-film magnetic shape anisotropy. The magnetic moments and anticipated Curie temperatures of the films rule out Fe particles, iron oxides, and Ti–Fe oxides as possible sources for the observed magnetic signals. The carriers of the Fe-doped reduced rutile are p-type, with a carrier density of 1 x 1022/cm3. This room-temperature dilute magnetic semiconductor should find potential applications in spintronics.